They are native to the alluvial or freestone streams that are typical tributaries of the rivers of the Pacific basin, Great Basin and Rocky Mountains. Due to their migratory behavior, large coastal cutthroat trout can be captured in streams and rivers when steelhead and salmon have migrated to the ocean. California is a popular destination for trout anglers. In California, coastal cutthroat trout are at the southern edge of their range Found in Humboldt Bay tributaries, numerous lagoons and ponds, and large stream systems such as the Smith, Mad, and lower Klamath rivers. These epochs had repeated glacial and interglacial periods that would have caused repeated fracturing and isolation of cutthroat trout populations, eventually resulting in the different subspecies found today. 1937, primarily to accommodate vehicle traffic. Two subspecies, O. c. alvordensis and O. c. macdonaldi, are considered extinct. , Cutthroat trout have been introduced into non-native waters outside their historic native range, but not to the extent of the rainbow trout (O. Females, depending on size, lay between 200 and 4,400 eggs. cutthroat trout have been reintroduced into Fallen Leaf Lake, California; we used creel surveys, diet data, mark–recapture methods, bioenergetics modeling, and netting data across seasons to … Cutthroat trout usually have a distinctive red or orange streak under their lower jaw. The great majority of coastal cutthroat trout habitat coincides with the belt of Pacific coast coniferous rainforest that extends from Alaska southward into Northern California. Some coastal rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus) and Columbia River redband trout (O. m. gairdneri) populations also display reddish or pink throat markings. Art Lander’s Outdoors: Cutthroat trout is newest species of trout introduced to Kentucky waters. Lahontan Cutthroat Species Status Report The Lahontan Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi) is native to the Lahontan basin of northern Nevada, northeastern California, and southeastern Oregon. , The historic native range of cutthroat trout has been reduced by overfishing, urbanization and habitat loss due to mining, livestock grazing and logging. , Cutthroat trout require cold, clear, well-oxygenated, shallow rivers with gravel bottoms or cold, moderately deep lakes. During the trout season (July to September), no better fishing can be found. Spawning begins when water temperatures reach 43 to 46 °F (6 to 8 °C). coastal cutthroat trout information presented during the 1995 Coastal Cutthroat Trout symposium, 2) enhance knowledge on all facets of life history and ecology, 3) provide current assessment of the status of populations coast-wide, and 4)  The Bozeman Fish Technology Center, formerly a cutthroat trout fish hatchery in Bozeman, Montana, plays a major role in the restoration of the greenback (O. c. stomias) and westslope cutthroat trout (O. c. lewisi) subspecies. Lahontan cutthroat trout at U.S. Yellowstone cutthroat O. c. lewisi have hybridized extensively with Lahontan cutthroat O. c. henshawi in California (McAffee 1966). Most subspecies of cutthroat trout are highly susceptible to whirling disease, although the Snake River fine-spotted cutthroat trout (O. c. behnkei) appears to be resistant to the parasite. 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