Littorio took part in several operational sorties, most of which failed to result in any action, the notable exception being the Second Battle of Sirte, where she damaged several British warships. , The conning tower was in the same style as the others designed by General Pugliese. The class's design was considered by the Spanish Navy, but the outbreak of World War II interrupted construction plans. An internal 200 mm (7.9 in) armored tube protected important electrical cables and pipes for hydraulic systems. Roma was built by the CRDA shipyard, starting on 18 September 1938. The Italian fleet - including Vittorio Veneto - despite the recent attack by the British on Taranto had interrupted a British convoy to Malta earlier in the month. On 26 September, the two battleships attempted to intercept the Operation Halberd convoy, but they broke off the operation without attacking the convoy. The standard crew for Roma and Impero was increased by 100 enlisted men.  Roma joined the fleet shortly after the attacks on the two convoys, and joined her sisters for the move to La Spezia. , The keels for Vittorio Veneto and Littorio were laid on the same day, 28 October 1934, at the Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico shipyard in Trieste and the Ansaldo shipyard in Genoa, respectively. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships …  Roma was damaged during the 5 June attack and again in a third attack on 23 June. She was in Taranto harbor during the Battle of Taranto on 11 November, during which she received three torpedo hits, which caused extensive damage requiring five months repairs. Littorio was then renamed Italia. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg. Significant flooding caused the ship to settle by the bow.  The main citadel was closed off by 100–210 mm (3.9–8.3 in) forward and 70–280 mm (2.8–11.0 in) aft traverse bulkheads. On 21 March, Littorio sortied to attack a British convoy, which led to the Second Battle of Sirte.  A similar outcome resulted from the movement against British Operation "MB.5" on 29 September - 1 October.. She was not able to sail again until March. The two ships were repeatedly torpedoed throughout their careers: Littorio was hit by a torpedo during the attack on Taranto in November 1940 and again in June 1942; Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and while escorting a convoy to North Africa in September 1941.  On the night of 8–9 January 1941, the Royal Air Force attacked Naples with heavy bombers, but failed to hit the ship. Nov 15, 2019 - Explore Sam Stewart's board "Italian battleships" on Pinterest. , Littorio was laid down at the Ansaldo shipyards in Genoa on 28 October 1934 to commemorate the Fascist Party's March on Rome in 1922.  Littorio was hit by three bombs on 19 June, a week after her sister was damaged. 1/1800th scale Littorio-class battleship model. Vittorio Veneto was launched on 22 July 1937, with Littorio following exactly one month later on 22 August. The system was designed to protect the ship from torpedo warheads up to 350 kg (770 lb). They returned to port without encountering any British forces, however. While returning to port, Littorio was hit by a bomb from an American B-24 Liberator heavy bomber; the bomb struck the forward gun turret, though it did minimal damage.  The 90 mm guns provided long-range anti-aircraft protection, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets. , Two additional ships were laid down four years later. , Vittorio Veneto sortied on 26 November and encountered British forces south of Sardinia. They could elevate to 45 degrees, permitting a maximum range of 25,740 m (28,150 yd). As Impero was not completed, her final displacement is unknown.  The ships made another unsuccessful sortie to attack another Malta convoy on 29 September. Shortly after being commissioned into the Regia Marina, the Littorio was badly damaged by the British in the raid on Taranto in November 1940. The guns fired a 885 kg (1,951 lb) armor-piercing (AP) shell at a muzzle velocity of 870 meters per second (2,854 ft/s). 41. A 26,500 long tons (26,900 t) design was then prepared, which mounted eight 343 mm guns in twin turrets. The last two battleships were the first of the true treaty battleships, members of the Littorio class. The Battleship Littorio-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship.  During the attack on Taranto on 12 November 1940, Littorio was hit twice by torpedoes, suffering serious damage.  They had a rate of fire of slightly better than four rounds a minute. One hit Italia in the bow forward the main battery turrets, causing serious damage. , Littorio's design speed was 29 kn (33 mph; 54 km/h) at full-load. , The Italian Navy decided that the smaller design was impractical, and that a larger design should be pursued. This is an injection-plastic ship model kit. First among the Littorio battleships were Littorio and Vittorio Veneto laid simultaneously in 1934 and commissioned in 1940. Three months later, on 15 June, Littorio participated in the interception of the Vigorous convoy to Malta. Combat was limited to the opposing light forces, and Littorio and Vittorio Veneto did not see action; the British nevertheless broke off Operation Vigorous due to the battleships' presence and heavy air attacks. Franco concluded several agreements with the Italian government that would have seen the building of four Littorio-class battleships in Spain. [Note 2] Their ammunition load was 495 AP shells and 171 SAP shells, with 4,320 propellant charges (666 rounds total, or 74 rounds per gun split 55 AP & 19 SAP). She was then attacked by torpedo bombers from HMS Formidable; the first wave failed, but the second scored a single hit each on both Vittorio Veneto and the heavy cruiser Pola. On 9 September 1943 – the day following the announcement of the Italian armistice – the Italian fleet was attacked by German bombers. She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. On 5 June, Vittorio Veneto was hit by two large bombs that struck her port side.  After the entrance of Italy to World War II, the Italian Navy moved the unfinished ship from Genoa to Brindisi, out of fears of French attacks on the vessel. In comparison, the French. Regardless, the Soviet Navy did not use the U.P.  This was ultimately abandoned in favor of a 35,000 ton design to be armed with 406 mm guns. (1985). Over the magazines, the main armor deck was 150 mm (5.9 in) homogeneous armor laminated on a 12 mm (0.47 in) deck plating inboard and 100 mm (3.9 in) on 12 mm plating outboard. Although high explosive shells weighing 774 kg (1,706 lb) were developed for the 381 mm guns, they never saw service on the Littorio-class. The main armor deck extends to the bow and stern, where it thinned to 60 mm (2.4 in) over 10 mm (0.39 in) plating and 36 mm (1.4 in) over 8 mm (0.31 in) plating respectively. In late 1932, Italian constructors responded with a design similar to the Deutschland class, but armed with six 343 mm (13.5 in) guns in triple turrets on a 18,000 long tons (18,000 t) displacement. Littorio, Garibaldi Class, Ships - Barrel Set RB Model 1:350 350L29 + She provided distant cover to another convoy on 3–6 January 1942. , Littorio ran a series of sea trials over a period of two months between 23 October 1939 and 21 December 1939. The design was for a 42,000 t (41,000 long tons; 46,000 short tons) ship armed with nine 406 mm guns in triple turrets. The Italian Navy wanted to protect the Littorio class battleships from 380mm (15″) shells , the most common calibre they would likely face in the Mediterranean. , The weather deck over the citadel consists of 36 mm (1.4 in) homogeneous armor over 9 mm (0.35 in) plating; the main armor deck varied depending on the space it was protecting. The two fleets did not make contact, however, and the Italians returned to port. She was sponsored by Signora Teresa Ballerino Cabella, the wife on an Ansaldo employee. February 20, 2021 All info is based off of Littorio Wikipedia. The torpedo bulkhead would prevent any splinters or explosive effects from entering the ships' vitals. , In 1939, Spain's General Francisco Franco briefly considered a naval building program after seizing power in the Spanish Civil War.  Figures for Roma's speed trials have not been recorded. After completion on 15 May 1940, she went to Taranto to join the fleet. This formed a void which housed an empty drum 3,800 mm (150 in) wide with 6 mm (0.24 in) thick walls; the rest of the void was filled with liquid. They were Italy's first modern battleships, and the first 35,000 ton capital ships of any nation to be built under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. Join us …  Ultimately, nine 381 mm guns in three triple turrets were adopted as the primary battery for the ships, on a displacement in excess of 40,000 long tons (41,000 t), despite the fact that this violated the established naval treaties. Two more had been started in 1938, but only one of them, Roma, was completed before the Italian Armistice in They had been laid down in 1934, and were completed in 1940, just as Italy entered the war. In service, however, the ships averaged 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph). The torpedo struck her starboard bow, though she returned to port. Garzke, William H.; Dulin, Robert O. The largest and most powerful warships ever built in Italy, the battleships of the Littorio class, were the first "35,000 tonners" to come under the provisions of the Washington Treaty. On 17 December, she took part in the First Battle of Sirte. , Littorio and Vittorio Veneto had both returned to active duty by August 1941, and on the 22nd the two ships sortied to attack a convoy. There, she replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. On 14 October 1946, she was moved to La Spezia, paid off on 3 January 1948, and broken up for scrap. The armor scheme was nothing special, and … A 36 mm (1.4 in) homogeneous armor plate was placed 1.4 m (4.6 ft) behind the belt, followed 4 m (13 ft) behind by another 24 mm (0.94 in) plate sloped 26º in the opposite direction. During the steaming to the Allied port of Malta, the Italian fleet was attacked by German Dornier Do 217s armed with Fritz X radio-controlled bombs. She departed Trieste on 1 May for final fitting out at the dockyard in La Spezia.  Shortly thereafter, on 13 December, Littorio escorted another convoy to North Africa. , On 26 March 1941, Vittorio Veneto departed port to attack British convoys to Greece. The three active battleships were transferred to Malta before they were to be interned in Alexandria. During the battle, Littorio struck and seriously damaged the destroyers HMS Havock and Kingston with her main guns, nearly destroying Kingston, which managed to limp back to Malta the following morning. Launch of the Battleship RN Impero in November 1939. As part of the armistice agreement, Italia was interned at Malta, Alexandria, and finally in the Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal, where she remained until 1947. On 31 August - 2 September 1940, Littorio sortied as part of a large Italian force to oppose British naval forces taking part in Operations Hats and "MB.3", but contact was not made and no action occurred.A similar outcome resulted from the movement against British Operation "MB.5" on 29 September - 1 October.  Italia was then stationed in the Great Bitter Lake in Egypt until the end of the war, she was dismantled at La Spezia 1951-54.. Littorio participated in 46 war missions, nine of which were enemy hunting and three were as an escort. The incomplete Impero was seized by the Germans after Italy withdrew from the war and used as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers in 1945.  While incomplete, Vittorio Veneto went to sea on 23 October 1939 to conduct machinery trials. The Italian Navy pushed to modernize and enlarge the existing shipyards in Spain, so that they could handle a vessel as large as the Littorio class. , Later in 1928, the design staff prepared another ship, with a displacement of 35,000 long tons (36,000 t), armed with six 406 mm (16.0 in) guns and protected against guns of the same caliber. While en route, German bombers laden with Fritz-X radio-guided bombs attacked the formation. , In preparing the design for the Design 1047 type of battlecruisers in early 1940, the Dutch Navy inspected Vittorio Veneto, then under construction, in hopes of gathering some experience on the underwater protection system. 41 design as the basis for the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships they laid down in the late 1930s. She was launched on 15 November 1939, but she was never completed. While escorting a convoy to North Africa, Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Urge; repairs lasted until Spring, 1942. From 1934 to 1942, the Italian Navy (the Regia Marina) funded construction of a four-strong class of new battleship known as the Littorio-class consisting of Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero. The largest and most powerful warships ever built in Italy, the battleships of the Littorio class, were the first “35,000 tonners” to come under the provisions of the Washington Treaty. The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 allotted Italy an additional 70,000 long tons (71,000 t) of total capital ship tonnage, which could be used in 1927–1929, while other powers were observing the "holiday" in battleship construction prescribed by the treaty. She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Italian_battleship_Littorio?oldid=4086050, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 34.252 ft (10.440 m) @ 45,029 long tons (45,752 t; 50,432 short tons), 8 × Yarrow boilers, 4 × steam turbines, 4 × shafts, 3,920 mi (6,310 km; 3,410 nmi) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph), 4,580 mi (7,370 km; 3,980 nmi) at 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph), 1,770 mi (2,850 km; 1,540 nmi) at 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph), 4,870 mi (7,840 km; 4,230 nmi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph), 4,050 mi (6,520 km; 3,520 nmi) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph). Littorio class. It is a fast battleship, agile and forceful by the bow 9 x 341 mm The third ship of the Littorio class, Roma displaced 42,000 tons, could make 32 knots, and carried nine The largest class of Italian warships, she was basically an upscaled Littorio when it came to hull design. The Impero never sa… At least one of these ships would have followed the three 23,000-ton ships once the building holiday expired in 1931. Trumpeter 1/350 RN Vittorio Veneto Italian Navy Battleship 1940 Plastic Model Kit. This is funny to me because in a separate engagement, one of the Littorio's was described as straddling a destroyer in 3 salvo's which is very good.  The ships carried 4,140 t (4,070 long tons; 4,560 short tons) of fuel oil, which enabled a maximum range of 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km; 5,270 mi) at a cruising speed of 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph). Littorio was the second of the class to be launched, about a month after the Vittorio Veneto, and was commissioned 6 May 1940, eight days after her sister. Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were 224.05 meters (735.1 ft) long between perpendiculars and 237.76 m (780.1 ft) long overall, while Roma and Impero were 240.68 m (789.6 ft) long overall.  The ships' anti-aircraft armament was composed of a powerful battery of twelve 90 mm (3.5 in) L/50 guns closely arranged amidships, twenty 37 mm (1.5 in) L/54 guns, and sixteen 20 mm (0.79 in) L/65 guns. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. The convoy was transporting supplies to the island of Malta. International Naval Research Organization, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Littorio-class_battleship&oldid=1007694593, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), Standard: 40,724 t (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons), Full load: 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons), This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 12:58. She was delivered to the Italian Navy in Trieste, still incomplete, some six months later on 28 April 1940. Littorio was the victim of several Allied aerial attacks throughout her career, the worst of which was the British air raid on the Italian fleet at Taranto on 11 November 1940, which put her out of action until the following March. Description . Italia and Vittorio Veneto were awarded to the United States and Britain, respectively, as war prizes. Littorio was launched on 22 August 1937, during a ceremony attended by many Italian dignitaries. They remained at the Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal for the rest of the war. Littorio underwent the same pattern of machinery trials prior to completion; she was delivered to the fleet on 6 May 1940. She was in Taranto harbor during the Battle of Tarantoon 11 November, during which she received three torpedo hits, which caused extensive damage requiring five mo…  They opted for this design because this allowed three ships under the 70,000-ton limit.  The Re.2000 fighter was a wheeled aircraft and had to land on an airfield. Nevertheless, Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned.  The 824.3 kg (1,817 lb) semi-armor piercing shells formed the secondary ammunition of the 381mm/50, which had a 29.51 kg (65.1 lb) bursting charge. This operation resulted in the First Battle of Sirte, which ended inconclusively. The belt consists of a 70 mm (2.8 in) homogeneous armor outer plate and the 280 mm (11 in) cemented armor belt placed 250 mm (9.8 in) behind the outer plate; the 250 mm gap was filed with a cement foam called "Cellulite" to keep the water out of the gap and assist in de-capping armor piercing shells. The guns' rate of fire was one shot every 45 seconds. Her sister Vittorio Veneto was laid down the same day. , The ships of the class varied slightly in dimensions.  France, which was given parity with Italy, also possessed 70,000 tons of capital ship tonnage. Therefore the last Italian battleship should have resembled the last Italian cruiser the anti-aircraft cruiser Etna.  The 37 mm and 20 mm guns were designed for close-range defense and had effective ranges of 4,000 m (13,100 ft) and 2,500 m (8,200 ft), respectively. During the return to port, Littorio was struck by a torpedo dropped by a British Wellington bomber, but the ship was able to return to port for repairs. In October 1947, the ship was raised and towed to Venice, where she was broken up. The drum ran the length of the torpedo defense system, and was designed to collapse to contain the explosive pressure of a torpedo hit.  Shell rooms were located below the propellant magazines beneath the gun house in the turret structure. At 35,000 long tons (36,000 t), the initial two ships nominally met the terms of the Washington Treaty. The incomplete Impero had meanwhile been seized by the retreating Germans in 1943, who used her as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers on 20 February 1945. The Vittorio Veneto was the second ship of the Littorio-class battleships from the Regia Marina.  The project was abandoned after Italy became involved in World War II, and as a result of limited Spanish industrial capacity. See more ideas about battleship, warship, navy ships. The roof 90–120 mm (3.5–4.7 in) on 10-mm plating. Both countries rejected British proposals to limit new battleship designs to 25,000 long tons (25,000 t) and 305 mm (12.0 in) guns. This kit of the Littorio shows her as she was in 1941, and can be built as a full-hull or waterline model. Littorio reached 137,649 shp (102,645 kW) and 31.3 kn (58.0 km/h; 36.0 mph), while Vittorio Veneto made 133,771 shp (99,753 kW) and 31.4 kn (58.2 km/h; 36.1 mph), both at light loadings.  The 152-mm secondary battery turrets were protected by 280 mm (11 in) faces, 80–130 mm (3.1–5.1 in) sides, 80 mm (3.1 in) rear, and 105–150 mm (4.1–5.9 in) roof, while their barbettes were 150 mm (5.9 in) above deck and 100 mm (3.9 in) below deck. The French vessels were armed with eight 330 mm (13 in) guns. The ability of the drum to absorb explosive shock correspondingly fell in relation to its size. The Italians refused to disclose the details of the Pugliese system.  This was due to two major defects in the design. Italian shell quality control was awful, leading to engagements where British sailors described shells landing hundreds of meters away on either side of the ship. By 1930, Germany had begun to build the three Deutschland-class ships, armed with six 280 mm (11 in) guns, and France had in turn laid down two Dunkerque-class battleships to counter them. Roma joined the fleet in June 1942, although all three ships remained inactive in La Spezia until June 1943, when all three were damaged in a series of Allied air attacks on the harbor. They were developed in response to the French Dunkerque-classbattleships, and were armed with 381-milli…  Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. Roma — Italian premium Tier VIII battleship.. A Littorio-class battleship.She carried powerful main battery guns for a ship of her size, was protected by reliable side armor, and had good torpedo protection. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class,[Note 1] was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. , The ships' main battery consisted of nine 381 mm L/50 Ansaldo 1934 guns in three triple turrets, two in a superfiring pair forward and one aft. Italian Battleship Littorio is a piece of digital artwork by Carlo Cestra which was uploaded on April 8th, 2018. Littorio, Italian, Battleship, 1940-43 Commissioned in May 1940, the Italian battleship Littorio was the lead ship of her class and was renamed Italia in July 1943 following the fall of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's government. , Repairs to Vittorio Veneto were completed in time for her to join Littorio on attacks on the convoys Vigorous and Harpoon, which had departed Alexandria and Gibraltar to reinforce Malta simultaneously in mid-June.  On sea trials, both Littorio and Vittorio Veneto exceeded the design specifications for their power plant. Italia, Vittorio Veneto, and Impero were broken up for scrap between 1952 and 1954. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. A 40 mm thick torpedo bulkhead extended inboard from the base of the main belt before curving down to meet the bottom of the hull. Italia was scrapped at La Spezia 1952-54. Italian ship BB LIttorio on November 12, 1940, after Taranto attack (P00090.091).jpg 1,567 × 864; 110 KB Littorio-11-November-1940.svg 4,000 × 1,700; 130 KB Vittorio Veneto and Littorio during WW2.jpg 945 × 584; 59 KB Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships …  The entire machinery system accounted for about 5.6 percent of the total displacement. 2019 | New tool + Actions Stash. In addition, the Roma began its construction in 1938 and entered service in 1942. To accomplish this, they supplemented the 280mm (11″) main armoured belt with decapping plates mounted over it. The London Naval Treaty of 1930 extended the building holiday to 1936, though Italy and France retained the right to build 70,000 tons of new capital ships. Certain elements not to scale. The second is the caliber, ... Our first idea was that it was the same as the Littorio class. Italia left Great Bitter Lake on 5 February 1947, to join her sister in Augusta. All products are produced on-demand and shipped worldwide within 2 - 3 business days. Littorio was renamed Italia in July 1943 after the fall of the Fascist government. The ship was dry-docked on 11 December, with repairs completed by 11 March 1941. , All four ships incorporated a unique underwater protection system named after its designer, Umberto Pugliese.  As built, the ships were fitted with bulbous bows to increase their speed, but they were found to cause serious vibration, which forced a modification to the bow. Bagnasco, Erminio; de Toro, Augusto (2010). , Littorio and Vittorio Veneto had a standard crew of 80 officers and 1,750 enlisted men; while serving as a flagship, the crew was increased by a command staff of between 11 and 31 additional officers. Was to become the Littorio class ship from torpedo warheads up to 350 kg 770... Agile and forceful by the bow of 9.6 m ( 107.7 ft ) battleship that served in the structure... 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At La Spezia was that it was initially planned to base six La Cierva autogyros italian battleship littorio (. Repairs, which ended inconclusively upscaled Littorio when it came to hull design ] Vittorio Veneto was hit three. Sister Vittorio Veneto, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets her final displacement is unknown distant cover another... Italians returned to port have seen the building holiday expired in 1931,. Favor of a 35,000 ton design to be interned in Alexandria 29 September General Pugliese ] below the propellant beneath! Cellulite '' accomplished the same day ( 14 in ) armored tube protected important electrical cables and pipes hydraulic... Reduce wetness over the bow after Benito Mussolini, Littorio sortied to attack a Wellington.
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