king vikramaditya empire

Shalivahana's associate, Shudraka, later allied with Vikramaditya's successors and defeated Shalivahana's descendants. [2] The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often … [30] A hundred years after Vikramaditya's death, the Shakas invaded India again. The Indian Navy aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya was named in honour of Vikramaditya. Out of the 60 years of Vikramaditya's life, 25 years were spent in fighting wars. [35], In Jyotirvidabharana (22.10), a treatise attributed to Kalidasa, nine noted scholars (the Navaratnas) were at Vikramaditya's court:[12], However, many scholars consider Jyotirvidabharana a literary forgery written after Kalidasa's death. They started India's year calculation system , which we call Vikrami Samvat. The fifty-year reign of Vikramaditya VI, the most successful of the later Chalukya rulers, was an important period in Karnataka's history and is referred to … Vikramaditya, who prided himself on his generosity, was embarrassed and arranged a debate between Manoratha and 100 non-Buddhist scholars. [24][4][25][5] It was only when Vishnuvardhana turned his attention to the north, conquered Nolambavadi, marched beyond the Tungabhadra river and reached Ballary and Kummata that Vikramaditya VI saw an imminent threat to his power. [49][55] The Guttas of Guttavalal, a minor dynasty based in present-day Karnataka, claimed descent from the Gupta Empire. [42], According to Hans T. Bakker, present-day Ayodhya was originally the Saketa mentioned in Buddhist sources. [44], According to Ananta's 12th-century heroic poem, Vira-Charitra (or Viracharita), Shalivahana (or Satavahana) defeated and killed Vikramaditya and ruled from Pratishthana. Shortly after Vikramaditya's death, Vasubandhu asked his successor, Baladitya, to organise another debate to avenge his mentor's humiliation. One of Gautamiputra Satakarni's epithets was vara-varana-vikrama-charu-vikrama. An adaptation of Singhasan Battisi was aired on Doordarshan during the late 1980s. Although the Puranas contain genealogies of significant Indian kings, they do not mention a Vikramaditya ruling from Ujjain or Pataliputra before the Gupta era. He sent his vetala to find the child; the vetala traced Satavahana in Pratishthana, and Vikramaditya led an army there. Vikramaditya was a legendary emperor of ancient India. Still others believe that he was a legendary character based on an historical king, identified as Chandragupta II, Gautamiputra Satakarni or Yashodharman. eBook Shop: Emperor Vikramaditya Hachette India von Adity Kay als Download. At Kalaka's insistence, the Shakas invaded Ujjain and made Gardabhilla their prisoner. Vikramaditya was the first king to hoist victory over the entire Arab world of the present day. Bestseller Neuerscheinungen Preishits … Vikramaditya married the courtesan and brought her to Pataliputra. In return, he convinces the goddess to end human sacrifice. He started the expansion of the Gupta Empire in all directions. His empire controlled many parts of Modern day China, Entire Middle East and Many Parts of South East Asia. Queen Kethala Devi administered the Siruguppa region and Savala Devi was in charge of an Agrahara in Naregal. But this went against the designs of Kulottunga Chola I who had plans of his own. These were the limits of Vikramaditya’s Empire. "Review of The Manava Dharmasastra I-III and the Bhavisya Purana by Ludwik Sternbach". Vikramaditya II (reigned 733 – 744 CE) was the son of King Vijayaditya and ascended the Badami Chalukya throne following the death of his father. For several decades, the Hoysalas had been faithful vassals of the Chalukyas. Vikramaditya began searching for Ayodhya and met Prayaga, the king of tirthas. Emperor Vikramaditya, Adity Kay, Hachette India. According to D. C. Sircar, Chandragupta II may have defeated the Shaka invaders of Ujjain and made his son, Govindagupta, a viceroy there. Vikramaditya was her lover for some time before secretly returning to Pataliputra. [26][4][27] Before 1088, Vikramaditya VI subdued the recalcitrant Shilahara King Bhoja I and the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri. This leads to 32 attempts by Bhoja to ascend the throne, with 32 tales of Vikramaditya's virtue; after each, Bhoja acknowledges his inferiority. Vikramaditya later arrived from Pratishthana, defeated the Shakas, and began the Vikrama Samvat era to commemorate his victory. He defeats Vikramaditya, and begins persecuting worshipers of Shiva and Vishnu. Chandragupta II (Sanskrit: ????? [17], Book 18 (Vishamashila) contains another legend told by Naravahanadatta to an assembly of hermits in the ashram of a sage, Kashyapa. [21] There is no mention of such Navaratnas in earlier literature, and D. C. Sircar calls Jyotirvidabharana "absolutely worthless for historical purposes". King Someshvara I (Vikramaditya's father) had taken a Hoysala princess as his queen. The extent of Vikramaditya’s empire is one of the main reasons for his world wide fame. The Empire. The last ruler about which we have read was Samudragupta. [8] In Kannada, his brother prince Kirtivarma wrote Govaidya on veterinary science and the poet Brahmashiva wrote Samayaparikshe ("Analysis of the doctrine", c. 1125) and received the title Kavi Chakravarti (lit, "Emperor among poets")[9] Noted Sanskrit scholars such as Bilhana who earned the title Vidyapati ("pundit") came to his court from faraway Kashmir and wrote a panegyric on the life of his patron king in Vikramankadevacharita. The King Vikramaditya inscription was found on a gold dish hung inside the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, proving beyond doubt that the Arabian Peninsula formed a part of his Indian Empire. His name, Satavahana, was derived from satani (give) and vahana (a means of transport) because he sculpted elephants, horses and other means of transport with clay and gave them to other children. Maharaja Vikramaditya (IAST: Vikramāditya) was a legendary emperor in ancient India, according to oral traditions.Often characterized as an ideal king, he is known for his generosity, courage, and patronage of scholars. By 1076, despite being surrounded by enemies at home (Someshvara II) and in Vengi and Chola country (Kulothunga Chola I), Vikramaditya VI successfully defeated his elder brother and took him captive. Emperor Vikramaditya By Aditya Kay India, fourth century CE. [6] According to this legend, the king gave 300,000 gold coins to the Samkhya scholar Vindhyavasa for defeating Vasubandhu's Buddhist teacher (Buddhamitra) in a philosophical debate. Vikram Samvat is the commonly used Hindu calendar and rightly so, in honour of one of the most courageous and able emperor. [22], In the Kathasaritsagara recension of the 25 vetala stories, the king is mentioned as the ruler of Pratishthana. [18][19], The Brihatkathamanjari contains similar legends, with some variations; Vikramaditya's general Vikramashakti defeated a number of mlechchhas, including Kambojas, Yavanas, Hunas, Barbaras, Tusharas and Persians. Each legend has several fantasy stories within a story, illustrating his power. [12] Although Yashodharman defeated the Hunas (who were led by Mihirakula), the Hunas were not the Shakas; Yashodharman's capital was at Dasapura (modern Mandsaur), not Ujjain. Vikramaditya II (reigned 733 – 744 CE) was the son of King Vijayaditya and ascended the Badami Chalukya throne following the death of his father. [41], According to a legend in Ayodhya, the city was re-discovered by Vikramaditya after it was lost for centuries. In this version, that king is named Narasimha (not Shalivahana) and Vikramaditya's capital is Pataliputra (not Ujjain). Peace reigns in the land of Magadha, under the rule of Emperor Samudragupta. Little is known about Shanku, Vetalabhatta, Kshapanaka and Ghatakarpara. Ānanda's Mādhavānala Kāmakandalā Kathā is a story of separated lovers who are reunited by Vikramaditya. After hearing the vetala's stories, Vikramaditya performed an ashvamedha (horse sacrifice). He is also known as Vikrama, Bikramjit and Vikramarka (arka also means "sun"). “KING VIKRAMADITYA~ THE FIRST” OF UJJAIN whose chronology was a mystery vexing the Indian historians, has been solved and on 17 th September we would be celebrating 2735 th year of his Crowning as the victorious king of Ujjain after defeating the Shakas in 719BCE. In this legend, Shalivahana (also known as Bhoja) is a shramana king. [12] The earliest mention of the Shaka era as the Shalivahana era occurs in the 13th century, and may have been an attempt to remove the era's foreign association.[13]. He had the support of the Pandya ruler of Ucchangi and Kadamba king Jayakesi II of Goa. Thanks A2A. His mother was Datta Devi. The ruling dynasty of the empire was founded by the king Sri Gupta; the most notable rulers of the dynasty were Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II alias Vikramaditya. Proponents of this theory say that Vikramaditya is mentioned in works dating to before the Gupta era, including Brihatkatha and Gatha Saptashati. After several pitched battles in Goa, Kannegala, Halasur and Hosavidu between c.1117-1122, Vishnuvardhana and his supporters had to accept Chalukya suzerainty. [35], In the Kalakacharya-Kathanaka, Vikramaditya's father Gardabhilla abducted the sister of Kalaka (a Jain acharya). [4] The verse about Vikramaditya is similar to a phrase—Anekago-shatasahasra-hiranya-kotipradasya—found in Gupta inscriptions about Samudragupta and Chandragupta II (for example, the Pune and Riddhapur copper-plate inscriptions of Chandragupta's daughter, Prabhavatigupta); this phrase may have been a later, Gupta-era insertion in the work attributed to Hāla. He rewarded his younger brother Jayasimhavarma who was loyal to him, with the viceroyalty of Lata in the southern Gujarat . According to D. C. Sircar, Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri and others, the exploits of these kings contributed to the Vikramaditya legends. By 102 CE descendents of Vikramaditya lost control over Iran and Parthians established there empire in Iran and Babylon. Vikramaditya: The Indian King- 1 st Century BCE Sl-2 Now, let’s have a look of the empires of so called Hindu King in vedic era(1 st century BCE), from where we can chase the modern history to understand the untold stories. His empire controlled many parts of Modern day China, Entire Middle East and Many Parts of South East Asia. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "yagachiriver" Flickr tag. [16][17][18] After his father's death, as soon as his elder brother prince Someshvara II who administered the Belavola-300 and Puligere-300 provinces came to the throne, Vikramaditya VI started to plan to overthrow him and contend with the growing Chola power. Vikramaditya (2nd son of Gandharvasena born in 101 BCE) 82 BCE – 19 CE, of the conquered Babylon, Persia, Turks led Vikramaditya to the Arabia. Oak (Historian) Glancing through some research material recently, I was pleasantly surprised to come across a reference to a king Vikramaditya inscription found in the Kaaba in Mecca proving beyond doubt that the Arabian Peninsula formed a part of his Indian Empire. Vikramaditya (2nd son of Gandharvasena born in 101 BCE) 82 BCE – 19 CE, of the conquered Babylon, Persia, Turks led Vikramaditya to the Arabia. New alliances are made every day, trade and the arts flourish, and Chandra - the young prince - leads his father's horse across the length of Bharatvarsha as a part of the Ashwamedha yagna, cementing the emperor's influence. The Vikramaditya era named after the first, and the Shaka era was associated with the defeat of the Shaka ruler by the second Vikramaditya. By 1133 Vikrama Chola was able to re-capture Vengi from Vikramaditya VI's mild son Someshvara III. According to the above descriptions Vikramaditya lived for 117 years (102 BC - … Sen estimates at his peak Vikramaditya VI controlled a vast empire stretching from the Tumkur district and Cuddapah in the south to the Narmada river in the north, and up to the Khammam district and the Godavari district in the east and south-east. By the end of the 13th century, legends featuring Vikramaditya as a Jain emperor began surfacing. This “Vikramaditya” is a MYTH and did not rule anywhere outside of India. Hoernlé also believed that Yashodharman conquered Kashmir and is the Harsha Vikramaditya mentioned in Kalhana's Rajatarangini. Paramara Kings Among the Paramara kings, the first one reigned between Name of King Years Paramar 2710 – 2716 Kali Yuga (392 – 386 BCE) Mahamara 386 – 383 BCE According to K. Krishnamoorthy, "Vikramaditya" and "Kalidasa" were used as common nouns to identify a patron king and court poet. After the Jain king Kumarapala (r. 1143–1172), it became fashionable among Jain writers to compare Kumarapala to Vikramaditya. Vikramaditya later returned to the courtesan's house, where Narasimha met and befriended him. Some legends describe him as a liberator of India from mlechchha invaders; the invaders are identified as Shakas in most, and the king is known by the epithet Shakari (IAST: Śakāri; "enemy of the Shakas"). [3] His rule saw prolific temple building activity. Since there is no surviving copy of Brihatkatha, it is not known if it contained the Vikramaditya legends; its post-Gupta adaptations, such as the Katha-Sarit-Sagara, may contain interpolations. He held the Kollipakei-7000 province of Vengi for many years. [37], Other Jain texts contain variations of a legend about Vikramaditya's defeat at the hands of the king of Pratishthana, known as Satavahana or Shalivahana. He was the son of the the Great Gupta Emperor – Samudragupta. It can be concluded that two Vikramaditya’s flourished as kings of Ujjain, one in the 8th century BCE and the other in the 1st century BCE. He was one of the greatest rulers of Gupta dynasty. There is no other evidence that he inspired the Vikramaditya legends. [47] Ganapati's 16th-century Gujarati work, Madhavanala-Kamakandala-Katha, also contains Vikramaditya stories. In 2014, another adaptation was aired on Sony Pal.[63]. Konto und Listen Warenrücksendungen und Bestellungen. Achetez et téléchargez ebook Emperor Vikramaditya (English Edition): Boutique Kindle - Genre Fiction : Amazon.fr. There is a difference of 135 years between the beginning of the two eras, and Vikramaditya and Shalivahana could not have lived simultaneously. 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